|... you answer yes to two or more symptoms in either category: |
1. Intense and frequent episodes of significant anger that have persisted for at least six months, as indicated by:
Physical activation (such as increased heart rate, rapid breathing, muscle tension, stomach-related symptoms, headaches).
Rumination (Unable to get the angry event out of your mind) that interferes with concentration, task performance, problem-solving or decision-making.
|Suspiciousness, inflexible demands on others, low tolerance for inconvenient events, condemning others for behaving badly.
Your anger leads to ineffective communication.
You spend too much time brooding.
Episodes of anger are followed by negative consequences such as guilt, shame or regret.
2. Weekly displays of at least one aggressive or angry behavior that is out of proportion to the triggering event:
Aversive verbalizations (such as yelling, screaming, arguing noisily, criticizing, using sarcasm or insults).
Physical aggression toward people (such as pushing, shoving, hitting, kicking, throwing objects at them).
Physical aggression toward objects (such as banging doors, walls, tables, throwing things).
Provocative bodily expression (negative gesticulation, menacing or threatening movements, physical obstruction of others).
Intentionally failing to meet obligations or responsibilities.
Covert sabotage (such as secretly destroying property, interfering with task completion, creating problems for others).
Malediction (such as spreading rumors, gossiping, defamation of others, excluding others from important activities).
Your anger and its expression has damaged family, social or work relationships.
Your anger symptoms are not better accounted for by another mental disorder.
Source: Psychology professor Raymond DiGiuseppe, St. John's University, Queens, N.Y.
For information on taking an anger management class or an online anger management class, click on these links or call our office at 949 715-2694
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